December 2, 2018 مستند تکامل - زیبایی

مستند تکامل - زیبایی
قسمت 23

زیبایی همه جا هست اما قابل لمس نیست. یک احساس خوشایند که فقط در ذهن ما ، به وجود میاد. اگر لازم باشه تعریفش کنیم، ما چیزی رو زیبا میدونیم که رنگش، شکلش، فرمش، یا تناسبش ، به نوعی برای ما جذاب و لذت بخش باشه.
زیبایی، یک تجربه ی کاملا انسانیه که برای میلیون ها سال با ما بوده.
در طول تاریخ ، تعریف زیبایی ، تغییرات زیادی داشته. ایده آل ها دائما تغییر کردن و یا حتی کاملا برعکس شدن. اما فراتر از سلایق فردی و شخصی، بعضی چیزها هیچوقت واقعا از مد خارج نشدن.


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– Definition of Beauty

# Definition of beauty in English, 2018

– Symmetry of Stone Axes

# High handaxe symmetry at the beginning of the European Acheulian: The data from la Noira (France) in context, 2017


# Human perception of symmetry, raw material and size of palaeolithic handaxes, 2017


# Symmetry is its own reward: on the character and significance of Acheulean handaxe symmetry in the Middle Pleistocene, 2018


– No practical reasons for symmetry in stone axes

# Why are some handaxes symmetrical? Testing the influence of handaxe morphology on butchery effectiveness, 2007


# Influence of Handaxe Size and Shape on Cutting Efficiency: A Large-Scale Experiment and Morphometric Analysis, 2017


# The handaxe reconsidered, 2017


– Studying beauty/ attempts at quantifying beauty

# Quantifying Beauty: An Information System for Evaluating Universal Aesthetics, 2000


# Facial Attractiveness: Beauty and the Machine, 2005


# Ernst Mach, “Lecture on Symmetry,” in Popular Scientific Lectures, 1895


– occurrence of patterns like symmetry, fractals, golden ratio in different cultures over the ages

#Cross-cultural empirical aesthetics, 2018


# How to Explore Golden Ratio in Architecture and Designing City, 2016


# Why golden rectangle is used so often by architects: A mathematical approach, 2015


# List of works designed with the golden ratio, 2018


# African Fractals: Modern Computing and Indigenous Design by Ron Eglash, 1999


– recurring patterns are all based in nature

# Patterns in Nature, 2005


# The Fractal Geometry of Nature – By Benoit. B. Mandelbrot, 1977


1. Why beauty makes us happy


– symmetry in nature signals normality

# Are human preferences for facial symmetry focused on signals of developmental instability?, 2004


# Fearful Symmetry: Subversion of Asymmetric Division in Cancer Development and Progression, 2015